S. Keshav, How to Read a Paper, ACM Computer Communication Review, July 2007.
In this 2-page paper, (Keshav, 2007) introduced a very practical and efficient three-pass method for reading research papers. He also described how to use this method to do a literature survey. S. Keshav is a professor in CS at the Univ of Waterloo. The above link points to the updated version of Aug 2, 2013.
Some sentences that I like:
If a reviewer cannot understand the gist after one pass, the paper will likely be rejected; if a reader cannot understand the highlights of the paper after five minutes, the paper will likely never be read. For these reasons, a ‘graphical abstract’ that summarizes a paper with a single well-chosen figure is an excellent idea and can be increasingly found in scientific journals.